The UK's Failed Experiment in Rail Privatization

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Writing by Sam Denby
Research by Sam Denby and Tristan Purdy
Editing by Alexander Williard
Animation by Josh Sherrington
Sound by Graham Haerther
Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster
Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
References
[1] www.conservativemanifesto.com/1979/1979-conservative-manifesto.shtml
[2] eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31991L0440
[3] assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/294804/a4-tsr2-tables-2a-2f.pdf
[4] dataportal.orr.gov.uk/statistics/usage/estimates-of-station-usage
[5] assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/295079/b-franchise-agreement.pdf
[6] bettertransport.org.uk/sites/default/files/research-files/Tracks%20Report%20March%202017.pdf
[7] news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6182027.stm
[8] news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8127851.stm
[9] www.bbc.com/news/business-44142258
[10] www.transportfocus.org.uk/publication/national-rail-passenger-survey-nrps-autumn-2014-main-report/
[11] www.gov.uk/government/speeches/rail-emergency-measures-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
[12] www.gov.uk/government/news/rail-franchising-reaches-the-terminus-as-a-new-railway-takes-shape
[13] www.bbc.com/news/uk-49346642
[14] ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/flash/fl_382a_sum_en.pdf; dataportal.orr.gov.uk/media/1548/rail-finance-statistical-release-2018-19.pdf
[15] fullfact.org/economy/do-public-want-railways-renationalised/
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Մեկնաբանություններ
  • 12:54 my main point against privatization of essential services.

    Vincent VerschurenVincent Verschuren10 ժամ առաջ
  • I don't understand how long haul intercity bus services can be profitable, but trains, which carry more people, faster, and with less labor, is not profittable.

    Bruce VBruce V13 ժամ առաջ
  • I used to live in Japan, where by all accounts the privatisation of JR was a huge success, but I've never been able to find out what if anything they did differently to us in the UK, or why they managed to make it work. I'd love to see a video on that, and you seem to be the man to make that video!

    iambatdaniambatdan17 ժամ առաջ
  • I feel this video missed a very important aspect to this fiasco, the years where railtrack (who ran the network infrastructure) massively cutback maintenance of the infrastructure and from 1997 to 2000 led to a series of deadly rail crashes.

    NonareiNonareiՕր առաջ
  • Some myopic statements. No comparison to the garbage management of BR. No comparative with alternative models. The issue of the pandemic is an opportunist excuse, its more to do with the need to maintain public transport patronage in the face of climate change. Bizarre conclusion that despite increased patronage and customer satisfaction during the privatisation model - its unpopular. A grossly incoherent account of the issues.

    gofufu1gofufu1Օր առաջ
  • I very much doubt privatization brought greater passenger numbers itself. This was probably brought about by exponential immigration, a burgeoning population, and the fact that more young Brits don't want to own a car.

    Farmer FreakeasyFarmer FreakeasyՕր առաջ
  • Totally forgot BP was once nationally owned.

    Roy W-GRoy W-GՕր առաջ
  • They're youtube ads on this video...I thought Wendover didn't do that? Something change?

    Fifth Planet FilmsFifth Planet FilmsՕր առաջ
  • 14:06 That is simply false "complete rail privatization was something few countries had even considered-let alone implemented." Been to Japan? The Japanese rail system is mostly private and is the by far the best and busiest in the world.

    Don MDon MՕր առաջ
  • Overpriced Rail Travel, and Overpaid Rail Staff, the best thing the public can do is work close to home,

    james mitchelljames mitchellՕր առաջ
  • It's great to see the trains nationalised again. It was ethically unjustifiable to take them from public ownership and give them to a handful of wealthy capitalists. Public services belong to the people by right.

    Misha PurserMisha Purser2 օր առաջ
  • lots of new paint

    Brick LifeBrick Life2 օր առաջ
  • "kingoosie" im dying mate thats not how you pronounce it

    GrowingObsessionGrowingObsession2 օր առաջ
  • So passengers are paying higher fares than ever before and the government's subsidies are higher than ever before. And yet the private sector was supposed to be able to do it cheaper than the public sector and make a profit to boot! I've always believed that the original train companies made their profits from freight and the passenger services were a loss-leader. What better proof do you need for the latter?

    apmcd47apmcd472 օր առաջ
  • successful people don't become that way overnight .most people you see as a glance-wealth, a great career, purpose-is the result of hard work and hustle over time. I pray that anyone who reads this will be successful in life..

    Josef HuberJosef Huber3 օր առաջ
    • I base in USA 🇱🇷 and I hear people are making a lot of cash from forex trading

      Carlos LiousCarlos Lious3 օր առաջ
    • I think this is the opportunity' for me to take a great step

      Saimir DushkuSaimir Dushku3 օր առաջ
    • The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago,and the second best time is now this is not the first time I hear people talking about this man called cedric

      Jack GauthierJack Gauthier3 օր առաջ
    • Good investment are life savers.

      Henry JonesHenry Jones3 օր առաջ
    • The world is gradually moving out of the I work for my boss era,and people who choose to be entrepreneurs are highly securing a brighter future for themselves.

      Madison LeeMadison Lee3 օր առաջ
  • You see that train that’s runs on road tracks that littrealy run through the whole damn country?WELL I WANT TO OWN IT-Britian trying to privatize the damn railroad

    Star StudioStar Studio3 օր առաջ
  • Season ticket for me is £6k to London for the year. Could buy a car every year for that instead of nothing to show for it at the end of the year. Most the time I can’t even get a seat either.

    Ian DavisIan Davis3 օր առաջ
  • It worked at first. There was a massive amount of investment in new stock that probably wouldn't have happened under BR. Also an improvement in the customer facing skills of the staff. It is the government that blew it keeping track and signalling in a quasi-government company enabling pass the parcel when things went wrong. Then as time went on they got too greedy encouraging the rail companies to make impossible bids. The final nail in the coffin came when companies made ambitious service bids that they were unable to deliver because the promised infrastructure improvements failed to materialise. On top of that there is always been a fixed belief in government circles that people who have no practical experience about railways are the best people to run them because they bring a "fresh mind" to the business.

    Andrew DarleyAndrew Darley3 օր առաջ
  • 13:21 where is that?

    Matias GoinheixMatias Goinheix3 օր առաջ
  • Great video like it very much.loads of detail.Hope there more.

    Diesel Dave's Model Railway AdventureDiesel Dave's Model Railway Adventure3 օր առաջ
  • It was appalling when it was run by the British State. Filthy, slow, low investment, always late or not turning up at all. Too much concentrating on car ownership and building motorways after WWII.

    Wilful SpriteWilful Sprite3 օր առաջ
  • I'm old enough to remember (and travel) the old nationalized British rail. My memories are of dirty carriages, late trains, rude staff and …yes those endless strikes!

    banquo46banquo463 օր առաջ
  • “Its time to get Britain back on track”. Some speechwriter must have felt terribly clever about that one.

    Andrew KuetermanAndrew Kueterman4 օր առաջ
  • Please stop saying "railroads" instead of "railways", it sounds ridiculous! Otherwise excellent video, thanks! :)

    Lewis 1992Lewis 19924 օր առաջ
  • As someone who has actually worked for the railway for well over 20 years, I can tell you ALL the REAL reasons why the experiment has failed. Its down to the non operational, non experienced, incompetent management structure that was been installed across many companies. Every day I see thousands of £££ wasted !!! All those companies running little parts of the railway network. All working against each other for compensation for late running and their main target in there sights is the tax payer supported Network Rail as well as each other. They are not proper railway companies. They simply have no idea what the hell they are doing. The managers have never been frontline staff and have no understanding of the jobs that they are now recruiting the next generation of staff for. I actually support the system but it is failing BECAUSE of the British way of running a company. We have all seen British retailers as well as other countless well known companies go down the pan in recent years. I call it the British Management disease. Jumped up, incompetent, self important, non operational, and too scared to do a real job of REAL worth and value and have the nerve to think they are actually MORE important in the industry than those who DO !!! and during covid, all working from home (if u can call what they do work !!!

    BTN LEDBTN LED4 օր առաջ
  • i can get a £5 single from eastbourne to london next week thats is not expensive

    ianian4 օր առաջ
  • God damn milk snatcher

    Madame MuffinMadame Muffin4 օր առաջ
  • This channel is so cool. But when it comes to Hover, there's a flaw. Inciting everybody to use Hover increases the risk of somebody else making my favourite domain name unavailable.

    James LimaryJames Limary4 օր առաջ
  • By the way it's not a free market perspective. If you're travelling in a single area you can normally only use 1 provider to get around that area, that's not free market really. Privatization with this much overhead normally doesn't work because it's not allowing for competition. Government ran systems are normally terrible and not as cost effective look at royal mail and compare it to other delivery services (not Hermes) and soon when Stuart is widespread it just won't be able to compete. They are more cost effective and ran much better but that's because it allows for competition. However the UK train system isn't as bad as it's made out to be. Try the German train system. If you think the fair is expensive go to Stockholm, their train systems are amazing best in the world however it's double the price for a ticket.

    Casey EdisonCasey Edison4 օր առաջ
  • MALAY SUBTITLES Part 3 of 3 17:10 industri berubah menjadi lebih baik, tetapi apa yang tidak jelas ialah seberapa banyak yang dapat dilakukan 17:15 dikaitkan dengan penswastaan itu sendiri - dan bukannya tumpuan yang semakin meningkat bahawa penswastaan 17:21 dibawa ke rel. Namun, yang jelas adalah bahawa percubaan itu sendiri gagal 17:26 membuktikan ketahanan model francais. Walaupun sentimen masyarakat positif mengenai 17:31 landasan kereta api secara keseluruhan, sebahagian besar masyarakat British menyokong renasionalisasi. 17:38 Oleh itu, ia tidak memulakan kesan domino dari penswastaan kereta api di seluruh Eropah dan 17:43 dunia, ia tidak meyakinkan masyarakat umum mengenai kebaikannya, dan terbukti, yang paling penting, 17:49 bahawa model itu pada dasarnya cacat kerana hanya berfungsi pada masa terbaik, dan 17:54 masa terburuk akan selalu datang. Sementara penswastaan dan pembatalan peraturan 18:00 industri pengangkutan udara, misalnya, pesaing kereta api paling langsung, hampir secara universal 18:05 dilihat sebagai kejayaan yang membawa tambang yang lebih rendah dan pertumbuhan industri ke tahap yang dimiliki oleh kerajaan 18:10 syarikat penerbangan kini sebahagian besarnya merupakan peninggalan zaman kuno, perkara yang sama tidak boleh dikatakan untuk kereta api. Tiada negara 18:16 telah benar-benar mematahkan perkhidmatan kereta api penumpang yang diswastakan sepenuhnya pada abad ke-21. 18:23 Walaupun banyak yang telah mengambil setengah langkah seperti menswastakan barang, rel, memberi konsesi 18:28 kepada pengendali swasta tetapi mengambil risiko kewangan seperti yang dilakukan oleh UK sekarang, atau bahkan melakukan seperti itu 18:33 UK melakukan sebelum ini dan secara efektif menswastakan kereta api sepenuhnya, tidak ada yang melakukan penswastaan 18:38 model cukup berjaya untuk negara-negara lain untuk menirunya secara besar-besaran. Jadi, walaupun UK 18:45 percubaan penswastaan berjaya mencapai beberapa matlamatnya, namun percubaan ini gagal dicapai 18:50 satu: ia gagal meyakinkan masyarakat UK dan dunia bahawa penswastaan kereta api 18:56 adalah jalan terbaik untuk perjalanan kereta api penumpang pada abad ke-21. 19:03 Apa yang membuktikan tahun lalu berulang-ulang kali betapa pentingnya kehadiran digital 19:08 adalah. Mempunyai kehadiran digital yang baik dan bersih hampir sama pentingnya dengan mempunyai 19:14 kehadiran fizikal yang baik dan bersih. Sama ada anda masih bersekolah atau di dunia yang besar dan menakutkan 19:19 pekerjaan, ini masih berlaku dan salah satu kaedah terpantas dan termudah untuk diperbaiki 19:24 kehadiran digital anda adalah dengan domain tersuai dari Hover. Walaupun anda tidak mahu membina 19:29 laman web sebentar tadi, perlu mendapatkannya kerana tiga sebab utama: pertama, anda boleh mengarahkan 19:36 ke LinkedIn, AMwine, Twitter, atau halaman lain, jadi apabila anda membagikannya 19:40 seseorang, itu hanya satu pautan mudah; kedua, anda boleh menyediakan alamat e-mel khusus pada masa itu 19:45 domain, yang hanya kelihatan dan terasa jauh lebih profesional daripada yang berakhir dengan @gmail, 19:49 @yahoo, @icloud atau yang lain; dan ketiga, domain akan hilang setiap minit, 19:54 jadi jika anda mahukan yang sesuai dengan nama anda sendiri, nama syarikat atau yang lain, itu adalah 19:59 patut dapatkan sekarang sebelum hilang. Hover menjadikan semua itu sangat mudah dan cepat, 20:04 mereka membantu anda mencari domain super unik dengan lebih daripada 400 pelanjutannya, harganya adalah 20:09 sangat telus dan adil, dan yang terbaik, anda dapat potongan 10% dan bantu menyokong ini 20:14 saluran dengan pergi ke hover.com/wendover. Oleh itu, profesionalkan kehadiran web anda dan dapatkan 20:20 domain anda sebelum digunakan Potongan 10%, sekali lagi, di hover.com/wendover.

    Omar OnnOmar Onn5 օր առաջ
  • MALAY SUBTITLES Part 2 of 3 08:56 1.2, Bahagian A, Bahagian 6 menetapkan syarat-syarat untuk pengangkutan alternatif sekiranya berlaku 09:00 pembatalan kereta api; bahagian ini menggariskan syarat untuk penerbitan jadual waktu 09:04 dan paparan poster di stesen; ini menentukan keperluan pelaporan data pengendali; 09:09 ini menggariskan syarat untuk operator menerima basikal lipat di semua perkhidmatannya, 09:12 dan basikal bersaiz penuh "di mana sahaja praktikal"; ini menetapkan larangan 09:17 francaisi yang menjalankan perniagaan apa pun kecuali operasi kereta api dan tertentu 09:21 perkhidmatan sampingan seperti menjual makanan di atas kapal; ini menetapkan armada kereta api yang mana 09:23 pemegang francais mesti mengambil alih pajakan; ini menggariskan larangan francaisi untuk memasuki 09:25 ke dalam pajakan tanpa persetujuan kerajaan, dan pajakan untuk stesen, depot, dan lain-lain 09:29 kemudahan yang diperlukan untuk masuk; dan bahagian ini meringkaskan apa itu francaisi 09:34 dikehendaki secara sah untuk membantu operasi Ratu atau kereta api raja berikutnya. 09:38 Jadi, pemerintah memberitahu francaisi di mana mereka mesti beroperasi, kapan mereka mesti beroperasi, 09:44 kereta api mana yang mesti mereka kendalikan, kemudahan mana yang mesti mereka sewa, jumlah maksimum yang mereka dapat 09:49 caj, berapa lama mereka boleh beroperasi: jadi persoalannya, dengan kemampuan yang sangat sedikit 09:55 untuk memilih bagaimana menjalankan kereta api mereka, di mana mereka sepatutnya bertanding? 10:01 Jawapannya adalah proses pembidaan. Itulah satu-satunya langkah dalam proses ini 10:07 di mana ekonomi kompetitif pasaran bebas berperanan, tetapi kekuatan ini mendorong penawar 10:12 untuk terlalu berjanji dan kurang melaksanakan. Mereka mengatakan bahawa mereka menjangkakan sejumlah penumpang, 10:19 menerjemahkan kepada sejumlah keuntungan, yang membawa kepada francais hipotesis masa depan tertentu 10:23 pembayaran: nombor utama yang dilihat oleh pemerintah dalam satu tawaran. Sekiranya penumpang itu tidak 10:28 muncul seperti yang diramalkan, maka keuntungan juga tidak akan datang, dan pemegang francais akan gagal 10:33 untuk membuat pembayaran di mana ia ditawar. Ini adalah kitaran yang berlaku waktu dan waktu dan 10:40 masa lagi. GNER, yang dimiliki oleh Sea Containers, adalah pengendali pertama InterCity East 10:46 Coast Franchise, sebelum pembaharuannya berlebihan, gagal membuat pembayaran kepada 10:51 kerajaan, dan kehilangan francais lebih awal. Untuk menggantikannya, kerajaan menganugerahkan 10:56 francais kepada National Express pada tahun 2007, yang akan mengendalikan perkhidmatan di bawah National 11:01 Jenama Express East Coast. Namun, hanya dua tahun kemudian, muncul juga yang mereka miliki 11:07 meramalkan lebih banyak penumpang daripada yang muncul dalam kenyataan, tidak dapat membuat pembayaran yang mereka lakukan 11:11 membuat tawaran, dan oleh itu mereka kehilangan francais pada tahun 2009. Setelah pengalaman ini, kerajaan 11:18 buat sementara waktu nasionalisasi kereta api di bawah skema "pengendali pilihan terakhir" yang 11:23 telah disediakan untuk keadaan yang tepat ini. Syarikat bernama "Pantai Timur" yang ringkas 11:29 dimiliki dan dikendalikan oleh pemerintah, mengendalikan talian sehingga proses pembidaan baru dibuka 11:35 pada tahun 2013. Usaha sama antara Stagecoach dan Virgin Group memenangi tawaran tersebut, dan beroperasi 11:39 perkhidmatan di bawah Jenama Pantai Timur Virgin Trains. Ternyata penumpang itu, dan oleh itu 11:45 pendapatan, pertumbuhan tidak sesuai dengan tahap yang mereka harapkan, oleh kerana itu 11:50 adalah wang pendarahan, oleh itu mereka tidak dapat membuat pembayaran francais kepada pemerintah, 11:54 oleh itu mereka kehilangan francais pada tahun 2018, dan sekali lagi, kerajaan kembali dinasionalisasi 12:00 talian dan perkhidmatan yang dikendalikan di bawah London North Eastern Railway Brand. 12:05 Sepanjang kitaran hampir 25 tahun ini, hanya satu tempoh yang berbeza dari yang lain. Antara 12:11 14 November 2009 dan 28 Februari 2015, ketika talian dijalankan oleh kerajaan yang dimiliki 12:18 Syarikat operasi kereta api "Pantai Timur", semuanya berjalan lancar. Pada tahun penuh terakhirnya 12:25 operasi, ia diikat keempat di antara 23 syarikat operasi kereta api dari segi keseluruhan 12:30 kepuasan penumpang, kelima untuk ketepatan masa, keempat untuk nilai wang, dan, walaupun semasa 12:36 menjadi salah satu syarikat kereta api yang paling popular, ia menjana keuntungan lebih dari £ 1 bilion 12:41 tahun-tahun yang lalu kembali ke pemerintahan dan, secara umum, orang awam Britain. Oleh itu, 12:47 ketika diumumkan bahawa francais akan dilucutkan hak milik, banyak yang bertanya mengapa? Kenapa mesti 12:55 kerajaan menyerahkan syarikat yang dikendalikan dengan baik, disukai, dan menguntungkan kepada tangan swasta yang 13:01 akan, paling tidak, hanya mengambil sebahagian daripada keuntungan tersebut dari kerajaan Britain dan 13:06 orang? Selama tahun-tahun berikutnya, ini dan yang berkaitan 13:10 soalan, meragui kelebihan model francais yang hampir unik ini, semakin kuat 13:15 dan lebih kuat. Menjelang awal tahun 2020, semakin banyak kereta api berhenti beroperasi di bawah 13:21 model francais: sebaliknya, ia dijalankan sebagai konsesi, di mana kerajaan membuat kontrak 13:26 syarikat untuk mengendalikan kereta api sambil mengambil risiko kewangan sendiri; operator akses terbuka, 13:30 di mana syarikat swasta hanya membayar akses trek, biasanya di laluan yang paling menguntungkan, 13:34 tanpa perjanjian tambahan dengan kerajaan; atau pengendali pilihan terakhir 13:38 model, seperti dengan francais Pantai Timur, di mana barisan dinasionalisasi dan dikendalikan oleh kerajaan. 13:44 Pada masa yang sama, semakin sukar dan sukar untuk mencari pembida baru yang mempunyai reputasi baik 13:50 francais untuk pembaharuan. Banyak yang diberikan melalui penghargaan langsung, di mana pemerintah 13:55 melangkau proses pembidaan kompetitif, yang bertentangan dengan visi asal francais kereta api. 14:01 Di sekitarnya, daya maju model francais semakin dipersoalkan 14:06 di dalam dan luar negara, di mana penswastaan kereta api lengkap adalah sesuatu 14:11 beberapa negara telah mempertimbangkan - apalagi dilaksanakan. 14:16 Seperti banyak perkara, namun, Mac, 2020 memberi tamparan hebat kepada United Kingdom 14:24 landasan kereta api yang diswastakan. Dengan bermulanya pesanan tinggal di rumah di Britain, jumlah penumpang menurun 14:30 melalui lantai, dan menjadi sangat jelas, sangat cepat bahawa tidak ada pemegang francais yang dapat 14:36 untuk memenuhi tanggungjawab mereka kepada pemerintah. Oleh itu, setelah bertahun-tahun, malah berdebat puluhan tahun 14:43 adakah landasan kereta api harus direnovasi, itu hanya terjadi ... dalam sehari. Setiausaha 14:50 State for Transport Grant Schnapps mengeluarkan surat kepada Parlimen, yang menyatakan bahawa semua francaisi 14:55 akan segera beralih ke model konsesi. Kerajaan akan membayar semua mereka 15:00 kos, ditambah dengan kos pengurusan kecil yang tidak lebih daripada 2% daripada kos syarikat di 15:06 tahun menjelang wabak. Di bawah definisi apa pun, walaupun syarikat swasta 15:11 beroperasi kereta api, ini adalah kereta api nasional. Pada asalnya, ini hanya berlaku 15:18 selama enam bulan, hanya sebagai langkah sementara, tetapi pada hari-hari terakhir tempoh itu, pada bulan September 15:24 21, pengumuman lain dibuat: setelah 24 tahun, franchise kereta api, sebagai operasi 15:33 model, dilakukan ... selamanya. Sekarang, belum diketahui secara pasti 15:40 bagaimana jalan kereta api negara akan beroperasi setelah langkah pemulihan sementara berakhir. 15:45 Yang paling kita tahu datang dari Setiausaha Pengangkutan, yang mengatakan dalam pengumuman awal, 15:50 “Model penswastaan yang diadopsi 25 tahun lalu telah menyaksikan peningkatan penumpang yang ketara 15:55 bilangannya, tetapi wabak ini telah membuktikan bahawa ia tidak lagi berfungsi. 16:00 Perjanjian baru untuk kereta api menuntut lebih banyak penumpang. Ini akan memudahkan perjalanan orang, berakhir 16:06 ketidakpastian dan kekeliruan mengenai sama ada anda menggunakan tiket yang betul atau yang betul 16:11 syarikat kereta api. Ia akan mengekalkan elemen terbaik sektor swasta, termasuk persaingan 16:16 dan pelaburan, yang telah membantu mendorong pertumbuhan, tetapi memberikan arah strategik, kepemimpinan 16:21 dan akauntabiliti. Penumpang akan mempunyai perkhidmatan yang selamat dan boleh dipercayai di rangkaian yang dibina sepenuhnya 16:27 mereka. Inilah masanya untuk menjadikan Britain kembali ke landasan yang betul. " Sekarang, selalu ada dan akan selalu ada 16:36 berdebat mengenai apakah penswastaan kereta api UK adalah satu kegagalan. Ia membawa 16:41 jumlah penumpang tertinggi ke landasan kereta api dalam sejarah negara - lebih tinggi 16:46 daripada pada zaman kegemilangan pengangkutan kereta api pada awal 1900-an - tetapi juga membawa, 16:51 dengan sebahagian besar langkah, beberapa tambang tertinggi di seluruh Eropah. Ini meningkatkan jumlah orang ramai 16:56 kepuasan di landasan kereta api dan membawanya ke salah satu tahap tertinggi di Eropah, 17:00 tetapi, berlawanan dengan intuitif, ia juga menaikkan subsidi kereta api kerajaan ke tahap tertinggi 17:04 tahap dalam sejarah. Cukup tegas, setelah penswastaan, kemerosotan inudstri kereta api UK

    Omar OnnOmar Onn5 օր առաջ
  • Britain railways sistem is a mess.

    FABI PFABI P5 օր առաջ
  • It's excessively overregulated Deregulation should work

    Varun SawantVarun Sawant6 օր առաջ
  • This is why the UK train service is shite.

    tyronerodgerstyronerodgers6 օր առաջ
  • What surprises me after years and examples of demonstrative failure, after failure, after failure why was there still efforts to push for privatization of railways? Some key politicians must be getting "greased" with some of that sweet corporate railway profits. This story is not going to end, because I guarantee this will have to again be covered in 2023, 2028, 2031 etc...

    Duane LocsinDuane Locsin6 օր առաջ
  • Sounds like a complicated way to give money to the government's friends lol.

    Hydro AegisHydro Aegis6 օր առաջ
  • Kinda sounds like the government never actually let the equation... doesnt sound like privatization to me

    Bill VBill V6 օր առաջ
  • The UK Prime Minister from 1992-97, John Major-Ball (a former circus clown) privatised the railways.

    Carl YellandCarl Yelland6 օր առաջ
  • Privatisation means revenue surplus goes into the bank accounts of profit-seeking corporate execs never to be seen again (or even taxed as they move it offshore.) Nationalisation or public ownership means revenue surplus is invested into the service to improve it, to reduce prices for customers or to pay the workers better like they deserve.

    SgrinwaipwrSgrinwaipwr6 օր առաջ
  • RAILWAYS!!!! It’s *railways* in the UK, okay? Not railroads, choo choo tracks or anything else.

    Jamie JohnsonJamie Johnson6 օր առաջ
  • It became more expensive to travel from one end of the country to the other (John O' Groats to Lands End) than a round the world plane ticket.

    Wenzhe ChenWenzhe Chen6 օր առաջ
  • IRISH Rail,SNCF, RENFE told the EU keep away from our railways . The United Kingdom OK where do we sign up. 2021 oh shite did we Phuck up again.🇮🇪🇪🇺

    Derek MulreadyDerek Mulready6 օր առաջ
  • The shaggy israel wailly escape because nest daily bake athwart a dispensable clarinet. woebegone, wealthy carol

    bansam loiembansam loiem7 օր առաջ
  • The story in the U.S. would go like this: “They realized the change of ownership would create a loss of service to the poor and rural areas and didn’t care because individual politicians pushing privatization made a profit off it.”

    Chrispy ChickenChrispy Chicken7 օր առաջ
  • Thatcher. Copying America's broken ass fucking privately owned infrastructure is NOT. A. Good. Idea.

    Miss SpazMiss Spaz7 օր առաջ
  • Thatcher 🤮

    Benjamin MakiBenjamin Maki7 օր առաջ
  • J'accuse Sam Denby of having leftist student views.

    lesselplesselp7 օր առաջ
  • Antiquated rolling stock, stations with no facilities, trains always behind schedule and overpriced fares: sums up railways in UK today. With the cost of a London area monthly pass you could get an annual all German pass. Just keeps getting worse by the year!

    HAPPY FEET FOOT CLINICSHAPPY FEET FOOT CLINICS7 օր առաջ
  • Fun to see that we have the same problem in both the UK and Denmark, but for different reasons as according to this video, it is the privatization of the rail that is the fault, while we get some of the same problems in Denmark because of our State-owned rail: DSB. Personly I would be glad to see the privatization from the UK here in Denmark as DSB has failed its job, and become a political battleground

    Kian KierKian Kier7 օր առաջ
  • There is only one word to accurately describe why successive UK governments want to privatise the railways - UNIONS. The unions in the UK are highly political, directly fund the Labour party and have absolutely no shame in holding ordinary, non-involved citizens to ransom in order to extort more money in negotiations. Transport is essential, but that never stopped them striking constantly for more money. Of course, they said it was to do with safety and fairness, but whenever you looked at the detail these were always inflated concerns and more money was ALWAYS the answer. Just look at TfL and the London Underground - always striking or piping up about something, usually framed as a safety concern, and yet their employees are some of the most high earning, heavily 'bonused' and financially incentivised workers in the country. They get extra money for any little thing that would be considered normal duty anywhere else, not just a little bit either but hundreds or thousands a time. Unions are the problem with any nationalised industry because they have added political power when the government is the employer.

    Son of WessexSon of Wessex7 օր առաջ
  • Northern Rail has built a fear in me of any train that arrives not delayed, overcrowded or on fire.

    Christopher NewshamChristopher Newsham8 օր առաջ
    • My nickname for them is "Northern Fail"

      Daniel SnowdenDaniel Snowden6 օր առաջ
  • so, really, they didn't privatize it. they sold the provision of government services to private companies, dictated how _exactly_ how they must run (which is to say, to be run like government, generally at a short-term loss), and were shocked when private companies repeatedly failed. did the UK really set out to implement the worst of both models? it seems like they couldn't have done worse if they tried to.

    Ricky JaegerRicky Jaeger8 օր առաջ
  • Railways NOT Railroads - apart from that great1

    Jonathan CookeJonathan Cooke8 օր առաջ
  • This is disputation as when it was public it was left to fall apart, only privatisation pushed for allbthe rail to be replaced, but due to leaving it so many decades it caused prices to increase massively.

    DosedmonkeyDosedmonkey8 օր առաջ
  • Went to London on holiday, felt like I was getting robbed while using public transport

    Narnia DiciNarnia Dici8 օր առաջ
  • Enter Modi's India, which does not learn from past mistakes of others, nor does it learn from its own.

    stsinner05stsinner058 օր առաջ
  • 17:58 Found the part where he talks about PLANES! :D

    AtricosHUAtricosHU8 օր առաջ
  • Possibly your best video yet! Brilliant.

    Stephen LinklaterStephen Linklater8 օր առաջ
  • No, it didn't fail. The rail system is much better now than how I remember it 25 years ago.

    William StephensWilliam Stephens9 օր առաջ
  • Yesss! We in Czechia have two private comps w/ one state own and many times you can not use the fastest connection because use a train of another company, so you have to wait 40 minutes at wain.

    Six WavesSix Waves9 օր առաջ
  • You guys say no country has gotten a fully privatised passenger train service but I always thought the Japanese train service was pretty good. Forgive me if I'm wrong, but is that not private?

    Amar AzadAmar Azad9 օր առաջ
  • I believe the Govt is set to announce a wider transport strategy for the coming years in the next few weeks. I expect we'll get an insight into the future then

    mcmcnair97mcmcnair979 օր առաջ
  • It’s nice to see the tories taking on one of Jeremy Corbyn‘s flag ship policy.

    Jon AshleyJon Ashley9 օր առաջ
  • Typo with ‘Punctuality’ at 12:33 - You wrote “Puctuality”.

    Samuel CarvalhoSamuel Carvalho9 օր առաջ
  • This was such a good video

    Luco ZadeLuco Zade9 օր առաջ
  • If a line not making money, It should be closed. loosing money it is stupid, it leads to poverty and high taxes

    Alex KlyonovAlex Klyonov10 օր առաջ
    • Quit the opposite actually. It allows people to work outside of their local areas hence lowering the poverty rate.

      2 82 89 օր առաջ
  • wendover creeping way too far into based territory

    Bob SagetBob Saget10 օր առաջ
  • Rail requires significantly more infrastructure than airplanes, therefore the government has a much greater stake in rail, and can only afford so much deviation.

    Seth ApexSeth Apex10 օր առաջ
  • Bring back Network SouthEast, keep ScotRail, TfW Rail and Northern which are networks in their own right, merge everything else into a reformed Regional Railways and bring back InterCity to connect each area. Cities that want to create local commuter networks inside the national networks like Liverpool, London or Tyne and Wear should be encouraged.

    NickNick10 օր առաջ
  • The railways were privatised originally. It's just that they kept losing money and couldn't recoup it, thus they were Grouped into the Big Four, and then later during the war, nationalised. Ultimately the railways will always operate at a loss. The biggest idiotic move was the Beeching Report, which caused many old lines to be shut down, and worse still, to have the land sold off. Now, many of those lines would actually be useful again, but the rails aren't there anymore and you'd have to compulsory purchase a large number of buildings to re-establish them. There are certain services which I feel should fundamentally be nationalised. Electricity, Water, Healthcare, Emergency Services, and Railways. As it stands, currently only healthcare and emergency services remain national. I'm particularly irritated over water and electricity because many have little to no choice over their provider, and many feel resentful at the idea of foreign companies owning our important services.

    Damian FreemanDamian Freeman10 օր առաջ
  • Fun fact: Back in the 1970s when Deutsche Bahn introduced their new "premium" product, they decided to pay licensing fees to British Rail in order to be able to use the "prestigious" name "InterCity".... Fast forward a bit and the Brits are instead copying the German "ICE" (Inter City Express) with their youngest order for "premium" trains....

    Heysemberth Kingdom-BrunelHeysemberth Kingdom-Brunel10 օր առաջ
  • 1980s "privatisation" was the point in history when everything started going downhill for the middle class and working class of Western countries. Just revisit the list of companies that were sold off. Imagine if they were still owned by the country and its people, how much better would things be. As for rail, look to the gold standard of how railway is run or should be run - China, with its gleaming infrastructure, fast trains, comfortable and clean service. Do you think the Chinese operate a private for-profit model or a state-owned one?

    TimAnders44TimAnders4411 օր առաջ
    • If they were still publicly owned they would have never developed into huge companies and more people wouldn't be employed by them...

      2 82 89 օր առաջ
  • The square authorisation bareilly recognise because particle visually punish atop a jolly pull. annoyed, truculent meal

    Trishita GautamTrishita Gautam11 օր առաջ
  • The overt difference biologically clear because fiberglass retrospectively rain amongst a curved community. highfalutin, clumsy lyocell

    Trishita GautamTrishita Gautam11 օր առաջ
  • One of the craziest effects of all this is that pricing got really weird if you were going on a journey that used trains from multiple companies. For example if you were going from London to Manchester with a changeover in Birmingham, you could save a huge amount of money by booking London to Birmingham and Birmingham to Manchester as 2 separate journeys. Now imagine how crazy that principle gets if you're on a journey using trains from 4 different companies! You could genuinely save half the cost of a journey by doing this sometimes! A lot of young Brits don't start driving until their early 20s, meaning that a whole generation became expert railfare detectives!

    HorrisNorrisHorrisNorris11 օր առաջ
  • Besides, on quite a few segments, what you have now is a monopoly (see Southeastern railways for ex.), and this means no effort for efficiency, fair prices, etc.

    Enas AgnostosEnas Agnostos11 օր առաջ
  • Thing is, opening to competition is one thing, privatisation is another. The UK needed to keep British Rail, while allowing private operators (a la Czech Republic or Germany or Austria). An example that British Rail could've followed: British Telecom (BT). After dire moments, they're now thriving again. Privatizing everything from tracks signals to trains was meant for failure.

    Enas AgnostosEnas Agnostos11 օր առաջ
  • It’s cheaper to fly from Edinburgh to London via Munich than to get the train

    GivepeaceachanceGivepeaceachance11 օր առաջ
  • Mate I did not know we’d renationalised

    GivepeaceachanceGivepeaceachance11 օր առաջ
  • No wonder why I find Germany's Deutsche Bahn more appealing to me than privatized British Rail.

    Owen ConcordeOwen Concorde12 օր առաջ
  • What about the failure of rail nationalisation by the Labour after Ww2 and independent rail track in the early 2000s.

    Andrew EganAndrew Egan12 օր առաջ
  • Food for thought! The ECML is a very good illustration of privatisation and renationalisation. BR might have been run down but at least you had a unified fare structure which was easy to understand. Covid of course has changed everything, but there is now the opportunity to create a better railway system for the 21st century.

    Random Rover UKRandom Rover UK12 օր առաջ
  • Meanwhile China - Beijing Xinjiang.

    C YC Y12 օր առաջ
  • Do the Japanese rail industry for privatisation

    Markus S LeonardMarkus S Leonard12 օր առաջ
  • It was the worst of both worlds: a government managed market. All the privatisations were harmed by this to some greater or lesser degree, with government control by appointed political regulators. There are too many groups demanding government subsidy to properly privatise services.

    jaxtrawjaxtraw13 օր առաջ
  • Ahh this was so interesting. Now I get why trains constantly change operators. Thank you!

    Jacks UterharkJacks Uterhark13 օր առաջ
  • "Grant Schnopps"

    David FrankalDavid Frankal13 օր առաջ
  • Now I hope there will be a video about the Japanese Railway. What did they do differently that their privatization was successful?

    NearTheHereNearTheHere13 օր առաջ
  • im so glad Norway is basing our own privatization on the UK`s modell lol.... (kill me)

    plentynessplentyness13 օր առաջ
  • Great explanation of a complex issue

    David M. GreenDavid M. Green13 օր առաջ
  • "Railroad's"???? - He means "Railways! Roads are for car's tracks are for train's!

    Alycia MarrisonAlycia Marrison13 օր առաջ
  • I can recognise most of the stations in this video.

    You Go SlaviaYou Go Slavia13 օր առաջ
  • A fairly poorly researched video. Japan, especially Tokyo, has tons of private railway companies with private lines. Tokyo metro alone has no fewer than two dozen lines and more than half a dozen private rail operators. Privatization isn't the devil. It fails in the UK because it has too many terms and restrictions. Funny enough the video points that out but somehow leaves that out as a culprit for the failure. Japan 100% prviate operators have little to no stipulation about how to run their line. I don't think I need to tell you how on time, clean, fast, reliable they are.

    J EJ E14 օր առաջ
    • japan is one of the few places on the planet where rail privatization can be profitable due to its incredibly high population density, on top of a non automobile-centric culture due to the design of their cities.

      jadejade11 օր առաջ
  • Exact same issue as the utilities

    Ryan ButlerRyan Butler14 օր առաջ
  • Amazing too how some of the companies operating in the UK are state owned companies from countries in the EU

    BlahBlahBlahBlahBlahBlah14 օր առաջ
  • Short memories on how utterly terrible, shabby and late British Rail often was.

    NorthernlightshowNorthernlightshow14 օր առաջ
  • Governments and councils are increasingly run by dreamers who think because they put something in a contract it will automatically happen. Frequently when it doesn't happen, they just shrug their shoulders and forget about it. Documents of hundreds of pages are produced full of nonsense and lofty desires. These are a costly waste to create and achieve very little.

    Bob JacksonBob Jackson14 օր առաջ
  • I hate the embedded ads.

    David WarnerDavid Warner14 օր առաջ
  • Republicans are domestic threats.

    David WarnerDavid Warner14 օր առաջ
  • The numerous geese oceanographically provide because stopwatch latterly raise amid a pretty value. conscious, lively badger

    Dana and Frank Stokes and StoneDana and Frank Stokes and Stone14 օր առաջ
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